Can be read about in more detail on the Language Point Buy page.
- The Wirtem speak Calem, based on German and all its dialects.
- The Regal speak Common, based on English, but also Lëtz based on Luxembourgish, and Dressalo based on Italian.
- The Anglians speak Anglian, based on Dutch and all its dialects.
- The Cearden speak Common, based on English.
- The Gallovians speak Gallwech, based on Scots Gaelic.
- The Breizh speak Breizh, based on Breton.
- The Ithanians speak d'Ithanie, based on French.
- The Daendroque speak Daendroquin, based on Spanish.
- The Velheim speak Skodje, based on the Nordic languages.
- The Krainivaya speak Kriv, based on Ukrainian.
- The Întuneric speak Înnora, based on Romanian, and Dvalan, based on Serbo-Croatian.
- The Szabadok speak Réginyelv, based on Hungarian.
- The Aetosians speak Etos, based on Greek.
Wirtem consider names incredibly important, and first names are often chosen as an homage to someone. It is very common for children to be named after their parents or grandparents, but names sourced from war heroes, politicians, and even old pre-Unionist Wirtem Pagan Gods are common. Surnames are often based on the occupation of their parents, as most parents induce their children in the same occupation they have worked in their entire life. As such, it is very common for a Wirtem family’s surname to for example be “Müller”, meaning miller, and for such a family to have been millers for eight generations back. The prefix “von” in surnames is usually only reserved for aristocrats and nobles, or at the very least someone of moderate to substantial wealth. For nobility, it is practically mandatory for the surname to have this additional “von” suffix that defines where their family has descended from, with some going a step further to add an optional “zu” suffix that defines where they currently rule. If a family’s surname for example is “von Obersee”, their surname would become something like “von Obersee zu Pferdenwald”, zu meaning at Pferdenwald.
- Examples of Male-coded Wirtem Names: Günter, Uwe, Walter, Karl, Heinrich, Franz, Elias, Jonas, Noah, Felix, Lukas, Stefan, Jürgen, Bjorn, Otto. Hugo, Maximillian, Axel, Friedrich.
- Examples of Female-coded Wirtem Names: Susanne, Anne, Antonia, Monika, Ylona, Ursula, Christina, Mia, Emma, Anneliese, Klara, Lina, Marie, Mathilda, Adelheid, Lara, Agathe.
- Examples of non-Gendered Wirtem Names: Badin, Edel, Voss, Ellis, Yves, Engel, Ella, Faron, Maria, Eike, Aspen, Vix, Rainer, Valentin, Nixie, Zelda, Romy, Eev, Emer
Regal Culture has its own set of naming customs, some taken from other Cultures, and others formed by combining the beginning of a particular Culture’s common name, followed by an ending that is generally easy to pronounce for all Cultures. This way, Regal names are hardly ever pronounced incorrectly regardless of what accent or dialect anyone speaks. A list of example names:
- Male: Juventus, Evander, Augustus, Florin, Antonius, Felix, Cyrus, Magnus, Lucian, Darius, Amadeus, Tarquin, Cyprian, Quintus, Auridian, Linus, Charles, Marcus, John, Florent.
- Female: Angela, Maia, Camilla, Claudia, Cornelia, Julia, Marcella, Aeliana, Cassia, Sabina, Valeria, Diana, Lara, Luna, Rhea, Bellona, Juno, Aurora, Cecilia, Rosa, Sara.
- Unisex: Valor, Aloys, Amor, Alba, Galla, Mila, Vesta, Celest, Frid, Iovita, Cinna, Dives, Ralla, Trio, Arden, Dani, Dominique, Eider, Jay, Montana, Milan, Jermaine, Nox, Quincy.
Leutz-Vixe is a now largely disappeared culture that merged into the Regal culture due to similarities, originally based on Luxembourgish Culture and Language. Leutz-Vixe naming blends Wirtem and Ithanian customs, and some people who used to belong to this culture still use Leutz-Vixe naming. While it is perfectly fine for Leutz-Vixe children to be given names from these Cultures like Jean, Carl, Juneau or Marabelle, the Leutz people also have their own naming customs, which are an expression of cultural pride for them. Below are a few example names for Leutz people:
- Male: Charel, Damien, David, Eliot, Gabriel, Gustave, Leo, Marcel, Noah, Pierre, Thierry, Arno, Christiane, Claus, Ernie, Francois, Jean-Baptiste
- Female: Ange-Mariam, Anika, Celine, Claire, Louise, Martine, Stephanie, Marie-Theresa, Desiree, Simone, Hilda, Sabine, Yvonne
- Unisex: Alex, Joy, Laure, Luca, Lynn, Pol, Laurence, Muriel, Josy, Rémy, Erny, Yves, Fabrice, Camille, Constante, Jeannot
Dressolini is now a largely disappeared culture that merged into the Regal culture due to similarities, originally based on Italian Culture and Language. Dressolini naming blended Daendroque and Ithanian customs, and some people who belong to this culture still use Dressolini naming. Dressolini names are often derived from Regal, Daendroque or Ithanian forms, but all are suitably mutated to fit Dressalo. For example, the Ithanian “Francis” becomes “Franscesco,” the Regalian “Adam” becomes “Adamo,” the Ithanian “Auguste” becomes “Augustino,” etc. The naming customs of the Dressolini are very rich, with their surname following a similar pattern to their birth name. The ending of a Dressolini name indicates where they come from with “dei” or “di” meaning “of” followed by the name of their birthplace.
- Example Dressolin Names: Bernardetta Fornera dei Lampeport, Ciro Bascherini dei Orazino, Conztanza Adami di Toreno, Duilio Ezzo di Alania, Emanuele Vellera dei Mileno, Ennio Santis dei Trovista.
Anglian naming is incredibly simple and often too-literal for outsiders to take seriously. There are plenty of records of fathers naming their first born son after their own father, with this tradition continuing on ad infinitum. The case of Hendricus and Michiel is well known, where one particular family was founded by one Hendricus van Malden somewhere before the Cataclysm, hailing from the small village of Malden. His son was named Michiel, who in turn named his son Hendricus. His son in turn again was called Michiel, who would name his own son Hendricus in turn again. This flip flopping continued for over 300 years, until in 289 a foreign wife to Michiel van Malden insisted that their child should be called Jesper. Besides showing the naming customs of Anglians, this tale is often also used to warn Anglians from tying in with outsiders, who are often inclined to think poorly of Anglian traditions. The concept of naming one’s children after one’s grandparents is in fact a very important form of filial homage in the Anglian Culture. Anglian first names are found in a very wide number of options, largely because of the large variety of dialect variants and sub-Culture norms. As such, each subgroup has a couple of names that are popular, but in reality, all names can be interchangeably used by any of the subgroups.
- Akkerman Names: Aart, Aldert, Pim, Cassiaan, Berend, Lars, Elmo, Espen, Coen, Joost, Floris, Hiddie, Jelle, Kees, Bram, (previous all Male), Brechtje, Aleta, Doutzen, Fleur, Gwen, Tessa, Beatrix, Amalia, Doortje, Elsje, Eline, (previous all Female), Dutch in nature.
- Axelland Names: Ært, Alderic, Pimric, Cassiaan, Beyrend, Larss, Eylmo, Espenric, Coethric, Just, Flythrin, Hiddric, Jelle, Carlo, Breothric, (previous all Male), Brychta, Aletta, Dudda, Flyrra, Gwyneth, Tyssa, Beatrix, Amalrianne, Dyrtha, Elsa, Elina, (previous all Female), Anglo-saxon in nature.
- Door-Inner Names: Albar, Thrim, Casper, Dulf, Bet, Maan, Nesk, Nölke, (previous all Male), Lora, Greet, Ina, Betta, Neska, Nölkelle, (previous all Female), Frisian in nature.
- Zuidervelde Names: Klaus, Frederik, Dietricht, Enno, Yvar, Gebhardt, Johannus, Karl, Marvic, (previous all Male), Christine, Malta, Heike, Gertrude, Fenja, Karja, Anna, (previous all Female), Dutch in nature.
- Lower-Heere Names: Enno, Herbert, Hugo, Henrv, Hermann, Ingo, Julius, Nela, Reiko, One, (previous all Male), Inse, Frauke, Volanna, Adelheid, Silja, Siebbe, (previous all Female), Flemish in nature.
Cearden naming customs are common, and can simply be taken from English naming customs. Any name in another language can also be translated into a Ceardian name, by anglicizing it.
The Gallovian peoples have great respect for their ancestors, and there is no greater example of this than in their naming. It is rare to find a Gallovian whose name is not shared with that of a great ancestor in the family line, be it their grandfather, parent, or someone older. It is because of this that many cousins share each other’s names, leading to many a comical mix-up that the Gallovians takes in stride. To illustrate spelling inconsistencies, both Daibhidh and Daidh sound out the name “David” (from a Cearden origin), despite their apparent differences. A Gallovian last name is usually derived from their place of birth, with the prefix “Mac” or “Mc” attached, meaning “of” in the Gallovian tongue. Yet, it is not uncommon for some Gallovian to instead take the ancestral home of their family as a surname, rather than where they live now. For example, a Gallovian born in Kinwry may instead adopt the surname of MacDrocharma rather than MacKinwry, paying homage to those who came before them.
- Common Gallovian names from the hinterlands: Caitrìona, Brìghde, Doirin, Magaidh, Siobhan, Alasdair, Cailean, Diarmad , Eòghann, Raibeart.
- Common Gallovian names from the cities: Feargus, Lachlann, Mackenzie, Finley, Ainsley, Maisie, Cameron, Lennox, Bonnie, Alasdair.
The Aontaithe Culture has largely disappeared, being absorbed by the more numerous Gallovian culture, however many of the naming customs yet live for those who have fond memories of the Emerald Isles and their old cultural customs. These names are (as opposed to Gallovian Scottish source) more based on Irish naming customs. Few Aontaithe use surnames, so there is no real reference for those.
- Male: Sea, Oisin, Callum, Aiden, Finn, Shane, Seamus, Cormac, Cian, Liam, Darragh, Cillian, Fionn, Rian, Eoin, Clive, Tadgh.
- Female: Caoimhe, Saoirse, Niamh, Ciara, Roisin, Cara, Clodagh, Eabha, Aoibhinn, Aine, Sadhbh, Fiadh, Laoise.
- Unisex: Enda, Daire, Rowan, Dillon, Regan, Casey, Shea, Rylie, Caoilainn, Ailbe, Barra, Darcie, Eirinn, Faolan, Murtagh.
Names among the Breizh are varied, but some may follow a common trend. Names are often taken from other Cultures (for example Theomar) and modified to fit the Breizh Dialect mold. For men, this includes shortening the name to an acceptable mold that fits all the syllable suffixes (for example, making Theomar into Theod), and then applying the suffix. For men, these suffixes are -ane, -ard, -tyr, -ael, and -air. For example, Theomar could become Theodane, Theodard, Theodtyr (where the d becomes silent), Theodael, or Theodair. Other examples are Mordair, Mordtyr, Rodane, Tristane, Tristyr, Petair, and so forth. For women, the principle is roughly the same, with the suffixes become -anne, -ardenne, -tirre, -aire and -die (pronounced as dee). This leads to names like Marianne, Maritirre, Louidie, Louianne, Saraire, Sardenne, Jenntirre, Jennaire and so forth (all based on Maria, Louise, Sara and Jenne respectively). The Breizh have a unique naming principle for the elderly. When a person of the Breizh Culture passes the age of 70, their name suffix changes to -wyn for men, and -wynne for women. For example, 70 year old Theodtyr becomes Theodwyn, while 70 year old Maritirrre becomes Mariwynne. Why this notion exists is unclear from a historical perspective, but scholars have speculated that it is some form of elder respect and deference that is very prolific among the Breizh people and allows easy identification of venerable relatives. Inversely, children below the age of 2 have the suffix -wyr for men and -wyrinne for women. This would lead to names such as Theodwyr and Mariwyrinne for toddlers and babies. Scholars speculate that this tradition exists purely because of the high child mortality rate in early Ailor history, and the need for families not to leave a lasting stain of a child who could never grow up to an adult on the family banners.
Ithanians have both simple yet complicated naming customs. While a simple first and surname are the common trend for ease of use, Ithanians also enjoy their so called “Nom de Court”, or their Court Name, which is a long construction. A Nom de Court starts with a first name, which for men is often like: Hiber, Jean, Francois, Alucard, Guy, and for women is often like: Ella, Noulaise, Alaîs, Attenaïs, Julienne, Madileine, and so forth. This is then immediately followed by the so-called “Nom de Lune”, meaning Moon Name, as the moon has an important role in Ithanian culture. The Nom de Lune is derived from the month that the Ithanian was born in, followed by the term to describe the phase of the moon, described below:
- January is Javienne
- February is Vrière
- March is Marsalle
- April is Vrillaie
- May is Ailaise
- June is Huinousse
- July is Huiviesse
- August is Aoûte
- September is Ellaivre
- October is Tomaise
- November is Obraive
- December is Grande
- New Moon is Looxois
- Waxing Crescenti is Croissant
- First Quarter is Terrois
- Waxing Gibbous is Solarent
- Full Moon is Pouvoir
- Waning Gibbous is Illumin
- Third Quarter is Regalois
- Waning Crescent is Troissant
So for example, if an Ithanian male named Guy was born in December under the Full Moon, the name up to this point would be Guy Grande-Pouvoir. Following the Nom de Lune comes the “Nom de Coeur”, which translates to Name of the Heart. The Name of the Heart is chosen by the individual during their coming of age, and it always has to be a word that describes an emotion, item, animal, object or concept that they strong associate with. For example, if this Guy Grande-Pouvoir strongly associated with lions because they were a Lion’s Pelt knight, and they felt that lions would stand for courage, then his name would become Guy Grande-Pouvoir Lion Coeur. The Nom de Coeur must always be the chosen word or term, followed by the word Coeur. When the Nom de Coeur is complete, a surname is added, that signifies their family membership which for the sake of this example is Montvertu.
Then, finally, all Ithanians complete their Nom de Court with the “Nom de Noblesse”, or the name of Nobility. The word Nobility is a bit more widespread in Ithania, because the Ithanians consider themselves all to be noble as long as they are Ithanian, and ignoble if they are not. The Nom de Noblesse as such is less an aristocratic distinction held only by those of blue blood, and instead a widespread thing. The Nom de Noblesse must always be written this way: An animal chosen that they associate with or consider their spirit animal, followed by “de” (of), followed by the place they were born. So, for example, if this Guy Grande-Pouvoir Lion Coeur Montvertu was born in Theloise, and considered a dog his spirit animal, his full name would finally be: Guy Grande-Pouvoir Lion Coeur Montvertu Cien de Theloise.
Daendroque names are known for their length, especially those of nobility. In fact, the names Daendroque nobility create for themselves are considered second only to Ithanian names in their complexity. In general, for all classes, male first names often end in “o” while female first names almost always end in an “a.” Daendroque middle names are often the longest parts and almost tell a story, often of a family’s most major or significant member, their family job history, origin and current living location. Finally, Daendroque surnames are known to often end in the odd letter of “z”, but “a” and “o” are also common. All of this adds up to extremely long names. For example, a male child born to a group of cobblers from the Elven city of Grae Rie now living in the poorest section of Daenshore would possibly have the full official name of “Samuel el Pobre Remendón de Graella Riendo ahora Barrio-Bajo Muñoz.” Nobles make this much worse, adding in information like the first member who swore an oath of loyalty to the Regalian Empire or include language stating they are the offspring of as many as three notable figures from history. In addition to that, local regions have slight differences in structure, as while some might state their city of origin, others would state the city their father came from or the city their mother’s father came from. It is little wonder then that Daendroque people often go by pet or nicknames, some derived from their names (Samuel might choose the nickname of Elpobre to be unique) or simply derived from some trait or feature they are known for. A man with long hair, for instance, might be called “Cola-Caballo” or literally “horse tail” after the long hair on a horse’s tail. For first names, some examples below:
Velheim naming customs remain simple, yet often say plenty about a person. There is no strict naming system among the Velheim people, though many often follow the trendline roughly like this; Firstly, a first name is used on a more common basis, followed by a middle name that the Velheim chooses upon their coming of age ceremony, then, their surname usually describes where they came from, and the full name is finally completed with the parental suffix. The parental suffix is gender sensitive, meaning a son takes a name from his father, while a daughter takes her name from a mother (if either parent is missing, it defaults to the other) with the addition of -son or -dottir depending on whether they are the son or daughter respectively. This usually results in a long name, and sometimes also confusion which can arise from the fact that these rules aren’t universally used in casual times. Some Velheim introduce themselves as the son of such, followed by name, while others introduce themselves as name, followed by actual surname. Some even switch between the two, using the son or daughter of such distinction when speaking to non-Velheim, and the actual surname when speaking to Velheimers, since surnames frequently describe where they are from.
Velheim first names are unique among most other Cultures in that every single male or female name can be commuted to the opposite gender by adding a number of vowels and consonants. There is no clear distinct rule to it, but most Velheim will be able to tell whether a name sounds male or female due to the number of vowels in it. A good example of this is the difference between Alvid and Alvida, the former being male and the latter being female. Another example is Bjorn and Bjornhilda. The Language of Skodje often assists in the creation of female names by using additional consonants to accommodate the vowels, but generally speaking the ground rule remains: whichever name has more vowels is the female name. Velheimers often name themselves after animals or legends, though it is also common to take Ceardian names and translate them into Velheim spelling. Some common creature or object-based names are:
- Bjørn, or “Bear”
- Ulvid, or “Wolf-life”
- Trenne, or “Strong as a tree”
- Stein, or “rock”
- Brunhild, or “Brown fighter”
Commonly Ceardian names converted to Velheim are:
- Ania, from Anna
- Karl, from Carl
- Sigmundr, from Sigismund
- Elsa, from Elizabeth
As for the Velheim surname, that is often based on a geographic feature of their birthplace, preceded by the general description. For example, if a person comes from a sund (a sound, a waterway that forms the mouth of a fjord) while the primary product of the local fisheries is eel, their surname would be Ålesund, a combination of the Skodje name for eel and the word sund. Similarly, if a person were from an island named Valder, their surname would be Valderøya, a combination of the island’s name and the Skodje word for island, øya. Some examples of geographical features that are used in surnames (though there are certainly dozens if not hundreds more):
- Fjord, a waterway between two mountains that has a distant connection to the sea
- Sund, a waterway that forms the mouth of a fjord towards the ocean
- Haug, a large hill or small mountain
- Fjell, a large mountain (not frequently used since few Velheim live on mountains)
- Dal, a valley or large plains area
- Vik, a bay or secluded shoreline area
- Heim, a name used to define an important family belonging to noble lineage
- Borg, a densely populated area (particularly popular among Regalia natives)
- -enn, meaning “one” (often added as a surname to define the person by their surname for example, “Sterke-enn” would be “strong one”, though some consider these surnames pretentious and change them for that reason alone).
Here are some explains of Velheim surnames:
- Skogheim, a noble family that lives in a forested area
- Håstdal, a horse breeder that lives in a valley
- Frisfjell, a person living on a really cold mountain
- av Uggla (a far less popular way of creating surnames by taking an Anglian approach and simply saying “This person is from there”, in this case from a place called Uggla)
The Krainivaya speak a language called Kriv (an equivalent to modern day Ukrainian), which is audibly similar to the Dvala and Clavna languages, but completely not mutually understandable or even related by vocabulary. The Krainivaya used to speak a language called Prichna, which was common in Oltaran. However, this language died out fairly quickly after they arrived in the Regalian Archipelago. Kriv is written in a specific alphabet that differs from the Common Ceardian or Altalar alphabet, being the Starniti alphabet (which is based on Old Church Slavonic in the real world - not Russian cyrillic). This makes translating Kriv to Common quite difficult, though modern schools do teach Krainivaya children both the Common and Starniti alphabets. (It is important to note that all the names use the Ukrainian spelling, not the Russian spelling.)
Examples of Male-coded Krainivaya names: Andriy, Danylko, Grygoriy, Kostyantyn, Kuzma, Mykhailo, Oleksander, Oleksiy, Symon, Volodomyr, Yevheniy, Vasyl, Petro, Dymtrus. Examples of Female-coded Krainivaya names: Lyudmyla, Kateryna, Marta, Yeva, Yulia, Xristina, Zlata, Oksana, Larysa, Zoryana, Nina, Oksana, Olga, Lilya, Valentyna, Galina, Ulyana. Examples of non-Gendered Krainivaya names: Zhenya, Valya, Shura, Sashka, May, Kyra, Nyka, Zhenka. It is important to note that names ending in “a” commonly determine female Krainivaya names. Even though non-Gendered names could fit either gender, they are still perceived as female as they all end in “a”.
Krainivaya surnames are usually based on either the name of the founder of the family, the place from where they come, or their professions. Common suffixes that are added onto such names are (sh)enko, yshyn or ishin, vych or ko. For example, if the founder of a family was called Zlata, the surname would become Zlatachenko, while a family founded by Vasyl would become Vasylyshyn. A tailor would be a Kravets, which would become Kravchenko, while a potter would be a Honchar, which would become Honcharenko or Honcharishyn. A curious surname structure is for those who come from outside the Krainivaya culture. For example, an Anglian family moving to Zemlya Obitovana and adopting Krainivaya culture would have the surname Anglyn, while a Wirtem doing the same would become Wirtyn. Those who enter the Krainivaya culture from the outside are usually given surnames that denote where they come from such as “of the Anglians” or “of the Wirtem people”.
Întuneric names have many similarities to Etosian or Krainvaya names but have been altered due to translation in the Întuneric language. While names follow the traditional first-middle-last model of other Ailor Cultures, male Întuneric names often end with a consonant or the letter ‘i’ with a few exceptions, and the middle name for both genders is always the first name of one of their parents. For example, an Întuneric named Andrei Genov had a father named Georgi, meaning the full name would be Andrei Georgi Genov. The following list is a compilation of common names in Întuneric Culture:
The Dvala culture is a now mostly incorporated culture based on real-world slavic cultures of the Balkan, that mixed into the Întuneric Culture. Unilaterally, female names end in “-a” and male ones can be easily converted to female ones through the use of this letter. As for surnames, the suffix “-ić” is used, but variants in the form of "-ović" and "-ević" are also sometimes present.
- Examples of possible Dvalan names: Dušan, Milica, Zora, Katarina, Vuk, Nenad, Miroslava, Đole, Maki, Jovana
The Szabadok speak the language called Réginyelv, which bears no ancestry with other Ailor languages and as such sounds very foreign. It is based off real-life Hungarian, and uses the Persian alphabet. Szabadok names matter a lot, children are named in either a female or male style at birth, and as they age, they actualize their gender, after which they can stick with their birth name, or take on a new name. This naming style is very important, because Szabadok society denotes social standing and class based on names. As such, here are examples of Szabadok names:
- Male Names: Antal, Benci, Deco, Gyala, Ferko, Janos, Imre, Ors, Ormos, Uros, Pista, Zoltan, Vilmos, Vidor.
- Female Names: Zsófia, Tamara, Panka, Réka, Teréz, Gyöngyi, Boglárka, Katalin, Orslya, Rózsna, Ildikó.
- Unisex Names: Hunor, Sami, Laci, Tomi, Vida, Rudi, Sara, Jeno, Gara, Darda, Virag, Erna, Kata, Neci, Istvan.
As noted, female names tend to be longer than male or unisex names, this is because female names often become part of longer-spanning titles and war-epics that require specific styling that does not work with short names. Surnames don’t really exist in Szabadok culture, however multiple families are usually members of a particular clan. Clans are always founded by a legendary or famous female warrior, who used their fame to build their name, and then handed rule off to another close relative, thus properly founding a clan. This is also the foundation for Szabadok “families” having feuds with one another, over whose legendary ancestor was more legendary.
Aetosian names are varied and striking, sometimes making use of vocal sounds and letters often not seen in other languages such as “x” and “y”. The population also takes names or variations on the names of Emperors and key figures from the faith. Also, some of the more rural areas feature Aetosianized names from the original culture that group stems from, the most popular being Daendroque. Aetosian naming conventions also often result in male names ending in “ios” or an “s” and female names ending on an “a.” Aetosian surnames have no special traits. Some examples of Aetosian names below:
- Male: Alexios, Octavion, Pavlos, Asylaion, Ignatios, Basil, Demetrios, Petronas, Theophilus, Stylian, Falkon, Gemistos, Modestos, Hypatius, Sissinius
- Female: Loukia, Agurnya, Thekla, Xenia, Zephyra, Cintina, Helena, Theophano, Eudocia, Anna, Procopia, Styliane, Erythro, Galla, Eirene